Located in the center of Colorado, Park County figures in the center of the “Pikes Peak or Bust” gold rush of 1859. But the story of Park County begins much earlier.
At one time, the part of the United State that includes what is now Colorado was near the equator and was a series of islands in a large ocean. Around 250 to 300 million years ago, a ridge of mountains known as the Ancestral Rockies formed in roughly the same area as the current Rockies. Over time, glaciers eroded these 26,000 foot mountains into the deep valleys as the plates moved from tropical areas closer to the poles. Later, new activity pushed up the current Rockies from 40 to 70 million years ago, and volcanic activity oozed mineral-bearing water and lava up through the rock layers and formed the Colorado Mineral belt. The belt runs from Four Corners northeast through Breckenridge and on through Golden and Boulder, just west of Denver.
Gold Rush of 1859
Millions of years later in what was soon to become Park County, a trapper from Kentucky named Jim Pursley told Zebulon Pike, an explorer mapping the newly acquired western land for President Thomas Jefferson, that he’d found gold in the South Park, a big high-altitude basin in the middle of Park County. In that 1806 meeting, neither man was interested in gold. Pursley was trapping beaver and Pike had a report to complete.
When, in 1859, a prospector found nuggets and flakes of gold near what would soon become the city of Denver, the discovery triggered a stampede of gold-seekers and families looking for a new life in the Rockies.
Within a year and a half, the population of the area known as Colorado jumped from a few thousand Native Americans and a few hundred mountain men to more than 30,000 people. One-third of those settled in Park County where miners found millions of dollars of gold.